The Constitution states, "The House of Representatives shall be composed of Members chosen every second Year by the People of the several States..." (Art. I, Sec. 2). Contrast this with the original constitutional language for the other house of Congress, "The Senate of the United States shall be composed of two Senators from each State, chosen by the Legislature thereof for six Years..." (Art. I, Sec. 3). The phrase "chosen by the Legislature" was changed to "elected by the people" by the 17th Amendment, but not until 1912. In other words, from the beginning the House of Representatives was intended to be exactly what its name suggests –representative of the people. (Note that in 2010 the Tea Party, and some Republican politicians, called for repeal of the 17th Amendment, eliminating the popular vote for Senators. While most Republican politicians have backed away from that view, many Tea Party chapters continue to demand its repeal.)
Textbook models suggest how members of the House of Representatives may fulfill their constitutional duty to "represent" – the delegate model, the trustee model, the oversight model, and the service model. A weakness of these models is that they ignore the pervasive influence of interest groups, partisanship, and political money (campaign contributions) on the behavior of congressional reps. To what extent do these factors interfere with effective representation?
Before writing your initial post, review the assigned resources. To easily access the resources from the Ashford University Library, please see the table located in the Course Materials section.
After researching your representative by using the assigned resources, identify one important issue directly related to your rep's committee or subcommittee work in Congress. Summarize your representative's position on this focus issue as described on his or her website or illustrated by legislation sponsored by your rep. Be concrete and specific. Avoid vague generalities like "my representative is for jobs" or "my Congressman is for national security."
With respect to this focus issue, evaluate your representative's performance as a representative of the people in your legislative district. Justify your assessment from two perspectives:
- How well does your rep’s position on that issue reflect your district's likely preferences or broad interests on the issue? Support your inferences about the district with fact-based evidence – not just your opinion about the district or your rep’s position on the focus issue. Demonstrate how your rep does or does not reflect his or her constituency on this issue. Consider your rep’s committee memberships and seniority.
- Discuss fact-based evidence about how interest groups, political party loyalty, or campaign money may influence your representative. Can these influences weaken his or her effectiveness as a true "representative" of the district? Consider whether the district is considered a “safe” seat or a competitive district. Put on your critical thinking cap to respond to this aspect of the question.
Fully respond to all parts of the question. Write in your own words. Your initial must be at least 200-250 words. Support your position with APA citations to two or more of the assigned resources required for this discussion. Please be sure that you demonstrate understanding of these resources, integrate them into your argument, and cite them properly. Resources for Week One Discussion – Separation of Powers/Checks and Balances Before participating in this week’s discussion “Separation of Powers/Checks and Balances,” review these resources: 1. Read these chapters from the text, American Government: a. Chapter 1 – American Politics and Founding Principles b. Chapter 2 – The U.S. Constitution 2. Watch the following videos: a. Checks and balances C-SPAN. (1990, November 27). Checks and balances [Video]. Available from http://www.cspanvideo.org/program/Chec. (This video (8 minutes) describes checks and balances and separation of powers in U.S. government.) b. Built to Last Public Broadcasting Service (PBS) (2013, May 28). Episode IV - Built to last [Series episode]. Constitution USA with Peter Sagal. Retrieved from http://www.pbs.org/tpt/constitution-usa-petersagal/watch/built-to-last/ 3. Read these articles found in the Academic Search Premier (EBSCOhost) database in the Ashford University Library: a. Policy point –counterpoint: Is divided government good for the United States? Franklin, D. R. (2011) Policy point-counterpoint: Is divided government good for the United States? International Social Science Review, 86(3/4), 160-162. (This brief article relates separation of powers and the contemporary problem of “divided government” or “gridlock.” It summarizes debates about gridlock’s effects on public policy.) b. Divided we fall: The case against divided government. John, C. (2011). Divided we fall: The case against divided government. International Social Science Review, 86(3/4), 166-174. (This brief article relates separation of powers and the contemporary problem of “divided government” or “gridlock.” It summarizes debates about gridlock’s effects on public policy.) c. Divided we conquer: Why divided government is preferable to unified control. McLennan, W. (2011). Divided we conquer: Why divided government is preferable to unified control. International Social Science Review, 86(3/4), 162-166. (This brief article defends divided government against claims that it weakens government’s ability to solve important problems.)