According to the U.S. Justice Department, in 2003 about 10.4% of all African American men between the ages of 25 to 29 were incarcerated, as compared to 2.4% of Hispanic men and 1.2% of non-Hispanic White men. What is going on here? Why are Black men in this age group so much more likely to be in jail than are people of White or Latino descent? Research the incidents of criminal prosecution, convictions, prison sentences, and time served by race and ethnicity for all three—African American, Hispanic, and White men. What factors or variables are associated with who gets involved in crime, why, and what happens to them in the criminal justice system? Also look into how many judges, lawyers, and lawmakers are White compared with those who are African American. What does this tell us about structured inequality?
Addresses each component of the chosen topic scenario, integrating concrete examples and strategies, and uses information from sources to support points.
Documentation & Formatting-
Follows correct APA format, including a Title page and reference page with at least four credible sources.
Organization & Cohesiveness-
Cohesive and well organized, with a clear introduction and a conclusion that summarizes the paper’s key points.
Uses proper grammar, punctuation, and spelling.
Meets minimum length requirement of six to eight pages of text.
The following attachment
My Outline (use the reference links provided and any others you might needed to complete this assignment.)
Paper must be cited
African American Incarceration
- TITLE PAGE
- Distinctive features of African American mass incarceration (Roberts, 2004)
- Data for selected prisons
- Rate of incarceration compared to whites (Roberts, 2004)
- Sentencing criteria and sentence durations (Mauer & King, 2007))
- Arraignment of prisoners, release and pre-adjudicatory verdicts (Schrantz & McElroy, 2008)
- Community-based alternatives
- Parole and re-entry (Schrantz & McElroy, 2008)
- Educational Background (Pettit & Western, 2004)
- Age and neighborhood experiences (Pettit & Western, 2004)
- Economic background
- Drugs and Criminal activities (Schrantz & McElroy, 2008)
- Inequality in school and social administrative justices
- Racial disparities when voting and in wage trajectories (Pettit & Western, 2004)
- Consequences and theories of Community Harm
- Impact on the individual and family (Harris & Miller, 2003)
- Impact on communities (Roberts, 2004)
- Impact on society as a whole
- Effects of mass imprisonment on social norms, networks and citizenship (Harris & Miller, 2003)
- Other consequences
- Re-evaluation of law enforcement
- Change of pre-trial process and prosecution
- Strengthening defense sides (Schrantz & McElroy, 2008)
- Restructuring judiciary
- Re-evaluation of jail and prison custody (Schrantz & McElroy, 2008)
- Administrative policy changes (Pettit & Western, 2004)
- Other recommendations
Harris, O., & Miller, R. R. (2003). Impacts of incarceration on the African American family. Transaction Publishers.
Mauer, M., & King, R. S. (2007). A 25-Year Quagmire: The War on Drugs and Its Impact on American Society. Retrieved from http://www.sentencingproject.org/doc/publications/dp_25yearquagmire.pdf
Pettit, B., & Western, B. (2004). Mass imprisonment and the life course: Race and class inequality in US incarceration. American Sociological Review, 69(2), 151-169.
Roberts, D. E. (2004). The social and moral cost of mass incarceration in African American communities. Stanford Law Review, 1271-1305.
Schrantz, D., & McElroy, J. (2008). Reducing Racial Disparity in the Criminal Justice System: A Manual for Practitioners and Policymakers. The Sentencing Project. Retrieved from http://www.sentencingproject.org/doc/publications/rd_reducingracialdisparity.pdf