I am doing a discussion board reply. I need to reply to two discussion post. Each reply must be at least 250 words.
According to Gundry, “Under the persians there began the ‘intertestamental period--four hundred silent years’. Alexander the Great - He came from Greece-Macedonia and conquered the Middle East by inflicting successive defeats on the Persians at the battles of Granicus, Issus, and Arbela. Alexander was the beginning of all political and historical figures. He was known as a great leader and won many wars and battles to uphold his throne. He was one of the most prominent figures of the intertestamental period.” (Gundry, 2012) Hellinism had spread for some time through the Greek trade and Alexander’s conquests provided impetus before. The Greek language became the common trade and diplomatic language. He founded seventy cities and modeled them after the Greek style. Alexander and his soldiers married orienatal women and the culture was then mixed. Alexander died at the age of thirty-three.” (Gundry, 2012)
Diadochi - “When Alexander died, the generals (‘called Diadochi’) divided the empire into four parts. Two of the parts became important for New Testament historical background, the Ptolemaic and the Seleucid. The Ptolemaic (Egypt). Cleopatra was the last of the Ptolemaic dynasty. The Seleucid (Syria). When Roman general Pompey made Syria a province, the Empire came to an end. When the Ptolemies dominated Palestine, consisting mainly of Jews, Jewish scholars began to translate the Hebrew Old Testament into a Greek version called the Septuagint. The Seleucids attempt to gain Palestine, both by invasion and by marriage alliance. Success came with the defeat of Egypt by Antiochus III.”
Octavian a/k/a Augustus “defeated Julius Ceasar’s rivals of Antony and his queen ‘Cleopatra’ off the coast of Actium, Greece and became the first emperor or Rome. Rome passed from a period of expansion to relative peace. Judea broke the peace with major revolts that the Romans crushed. Augustus set up a provincial system of government designed to keep proconsuls from administering foreign territories for their own aggrandizement. Two kinds of provinces, senatorial and imperial. There were eight Roman Emperors from Augustus to Domitian.”
Last, but not least, Herod the Great “who ruled from 37 to 4 B.C. His father, having risen to power and favor with the Romans, pushed him into a military and political career. He tried to impress the Jews with his beautification of the temple in Jerusalem. Even though he tried to beautify the temple, he still did not share their faith and because of this, the Jews was against him and his ways. His ways was not of good intentions. He was “scheming, jealous and cruel” and killed one of his own wives and three of his sons. (Gundry) Because he was efficient and very clever at politics, made him a prominent figure in this period. Had it not been for his cruelty and manipulation, he would not have been the effective person he was during this period.
Gundry, R.H., (2012), “A Survey of The New Testament”, Zondervan, Grand Rapids, MI