Democracy and Public Policy
Social construction exists in the society even though one may not be aware of it. Everyone in the society lives under segregation depending on their gender, class or race. Gender, class and race do not mean anything. However, they only have a meaning since the society assigns them the meaning. Basing on the above information, social construction is concerned with how the society groups the people and how it gives privileges to the various groups over the others. On the context of this paper, social construction is based on policy targets, which tends to serve certain goals. Social constructions affects democracy since it discriminates people by benefiting certain groups (advantaged and contenders) and imposing costs on others (dependents and deviants) (Ingram, 29).
The groupings in democracy are subject to change. This implies that constructions are changeable. It happens in cases where some groups gain more positive constructions than others. Creation of new frames, narratives, as well as discourses, appears to elevate constructions. Changes in social constructions depend majorly on power. Lack of power tends to inhibit changes in the social construction (Ingram, 27). Therefore, constructions are interchangeable depending on the access to the power creating them.
Many people have found themselves victims of inaccurate social construction. This occurs due to an attempt of coming to terms with the nature of reality. Such groups of people are termed to be dependents and deviants. The entire issue is brought about with the accessibility to power. People that have access to conventional power tend to benefit more from the social construction. These include wealth, cohesion, active engagement in politics institutionalization, and leadership skills, among others. On the other hand, potential power is concerned with the mobilization, numbers, and engaging in protest (Ingram, 65). This power is associated with the disadvantaged members of the society. The differences in power are the source of inaccurate social construction.
Ingram, Helen M. Public Policy for Democracy. Washington, D.C.: Brookings Institution, 1993. Print.